Efraim Halevy

Mr. Halevy was born in London , U.K., in 1934. He received his high school education at the Grocers’ Company School in London. He emigrated to Palestine in 1948 and entered the Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1952.

Mr. Halevy graduated with a Master of Laws cum laude in 1956. He was president of the National Union of Israeli Students 1955- 1957; he entered the Mossad in 1961, and was promoted to deputy division chief and member of the governing body of the Mossad in 1967; he served as a member of the body till 1995 for twenty-eight and a half years.

He served in the Israel Embassy in Washington. D.C., 1970-1974 and in the Israel Embassy in Paris , 1976-1979.

Mr. Halevy commanded three divisions as division chief for three five-year periods between 1980-1995. He served as deputy Head of the Mossad, 1990-1995, as Israeli Ambassador to the European Union, 1996-1998, as head of the Mossad, 1998-2002, and as head of the National Security Council and National Security Advisor to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, 2002-2003

Since 2004, Mr. Halevy as served as head of the Center for Strategic and Policy Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Business and Public Affairs Activities:

Director, Board Member, Makhteshim Agan, 2003-2006

Fellow Portland Trust, 2004- ( founded and chaired by Sir Ronald Cohen , founder of Apax and its CEO till 2006 )

Participant and member of the Middle East and International Advisory Fora – Bertelsmann Foundation – Federal Republic of Germany , 2005- Special Advisor, Quest Ltd., London (chaired by Lord Stevens, former Commissioner London Metropolitan Police)

Member International Advisory Board, Athlone Global Security, Canada , 2005

- Recently published a book “Man in the Shadows – Inside the Middle East Crisis with a Man who led the Mossad,” (St. Martins), 2006

General Brent Scowcroft, Eric Melby and Henry Siegman

General Brent Scowcroft, Eric Melby and Henry Siegman

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Israel Provoked This War

There seems to be near-universal agreement in the United States with President Barack Obama’s observation that Israel, like every other country, has the right and obligation to defend its citizens from threats directed at them from beyond its borders.

But this anodyne statement does not begin to address the political and moral issues raised by Israel’s bombings and land invasion of Gaza: who violated the cease-fire agreement that was in place since November 2012 and whether Israel’s civilian population could have been protected by nonviolent means that would not have placed Gaza’s civilian population at risk. As of this writing, the number killed by the Israel Defense Forces has surpassed 600, the overwhelming majority of whom are noncombatants.

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