Efraim Halevy

Mr. Halevy was born in London , U.K., in 1934. He received his high school education at the Grocers’ Company School in London. He emigrated to Palestine in 1948 and entered the Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1952.

Mr. Halevy graduated with a Master of Laws cum laude in 1956. He was president of the National Union of Israeli Students 1955- 1957; he entered the Mossad in 1961, and was promoted to deputy division chief and member of the governing body of the Mossad in 1967; he served as a member of the body till 1995 for twenty-eight and a half years.

He served in the Israel Embassy in Washington. D.C., 1970-1974 and in the Israel Embassy in Paris , 1976-1979.

Mr. Halevy commanded three divisions as division chief for three five-year periods between 1980-1995. He served as deputy Head of the Mossad, 1990-1995, as Israeli Ambassador to the European Union, 1996-1998, as head of the Mossad, 1998-2002, and as head of the National Security Council and National Security Advisor to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, 2002-2003

Since 2004, Mr. Halevy as served as head of the Center for Strategic and Policy Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem until recently.

He is currently the Chairman of the Israel National Center for Jewish History.

Business and Public Affairs Activities:

Director, Board Member, Makhteshim Agan, 2003-2006

Fellow Portland Trust, 2004- ( founded and chaired by Sir Ronald Cohen , founder of Apax and its CEO till 2006 )

Participant and member of the Middle East and International Advisory Fora – Bertelsmann Foundation – Federal Republic of Germany , 2005- Special Advisor, Quest Ltd., London (chaired by Lord Stevens, former Commissioner London Metropolitan Police)

Member International Advisory Board, Athlone Global Security, Canada , 2005

– Recently published a book “Man in the Shadows – Inside the Middle East Crisis with a Man who led the Mossad,” (St. Martins), 2006

General Brent Scowcroft, Eric Melby and Henry Siegman

General Brent Scowcroft, Eric Melby and Henry Siegman

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Does America really ‘share values’ with today’s Israel?

In the late sixties or early seventies, when I served as the executive head of the Synagogue Council of America, the coordinating body for certain social action and interreligious activities of the Orthodox, Conservative and Reform national rabbinical and congregational organizations in the United States, I had a private conversation—one of many—with Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik, who was considered the leader of modern Orthodoxy in the United States, if not the world.

Rabbi Soloveitchik had just completed a high-level seminar attended by a select group of rabbis and Christian ministers. I asked him if he would agree to lead another such a seminar on the Jewish attachment to the Land of Israel and the concept of “kedushat haaretz” (the holiness of the land), and how these are to be differentiated from concepts such as “blut und boden” (blood and land) at the heart of German fascism and other totalitarian regimes.

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