Fouad M.T. Alghanim
Fouad M.T. Alghanim is Chairman of the Fouad Alghanim & Sons Group of Companies, a multi-operational body of companies consisting of a number of fully independent divisions as well as fully and partly owned subsidiary companies based in the U.S., Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Other positions he holds include: Member of the International Conference Board, Member of the Society for the Care of Arab Children, Member of the Advisory Board, Medis Technologies Ltd., Member of the World Economic Forum and Member of the International Council of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.
Professor Amato is since 2013 a Judge of the Italian Constitutional Court. Before that, he was a part-time professor at the EUI in Florence and gave yearly seminars at the Law School at the Columbia University, New York. He was the Prime Minister of Italy on two occasions, Treasury Minister and Vice-President of the Convention on the Future of Europe. He is a former member of the Chamber of Deputies and former Minister of Interior in the Government of Italy. From 1994 to 1997, he headed the Italian Antitrust Authority. He also was a Full Professor of Comparative Constitutional Law at the University of Rome from 1975 to 1997. He has written books and articles on the economy and public institutions, antitrust, personal liberties, federalism and comparative government. In 2002, he was elected Honorary Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Sawsan Asfari co-chairs the Executive Committee of the International Board of the U.S. / Middle East Project. Mrs Sawsan Asfari is a co-founder and Trustee of the Asfari Foundation, which aims to help young people make a valuable contribution to society by empowering them through education, research and the power of free thinking. She is the Executive Director of the Galilee Foundation, supporting the development of the Palestinian community in Israel through educational and cultural initiatives. She is also a board member of the leading Palestinian development organization, the Welfare Association, and is active in various charities across the Arab world. She is a partner in the production company Cactus World Films.
Dr. Hanan Ashrawi is a distinguished Palestinian leader, legislator, activist, and scholar who served as a member of the Leadership Committee and as an official spokesperson of the Palestinian delegation to the Middle East peace process, beginning with the Madrid Peace Conference of 1991. Making history as the first woman to hold a seat in the highest executive body in Palestine, she was elected as member of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 2009. As a civil society activist, she founded the Independent Commission for Human Rights (1994), MIFTAH, the Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy (1998) and AMAN, the National Coalition for Accountability and Integrity (1999). She serves on the advisory and international boards of several global, regional and local organizations, and she is the recipient of numerous awards from all over the world and several academic accolades, including eleven honorary doctorates from universities in the U.S., Canada, Europe, and the Arab world.
Professor Shlomo Ben-Ami is currently the Vice President of the Toledo International Center for Peace, of which he is a co-founder, as well as George Mac Govern Professor of International and Public affairs at Columbia University. He was appointed Israel’s Foreign Minister in 2000, and Minister of Public Security in 1999. He was a board member of International Crisis Group and an advisor to Colombia's government in peace deal with the guerrilla. He also was Israel’s first Ambassador to Spain and was a member of Israel’s delegation to the Madrid Peace Conference. He participated with Prime Minister Barak in the Camp David Summit and led the Israeli negotiating team in all the different phases of the negotiations with the Palestinians, including at Taba. In 1996, he was elected to the Knesset, where he served as a member of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. Professor Ben-Ami taught in the history department of Tel Aviv University, was a visiting fellow at Oxford University, and the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington. He is the author of many books including Scars of War, Wounds of Peace. Throughout 2009, he served in the Advisory Board of The International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament.
Ambassador Lakhdar Brahimi is presently a distinguished senior fellow at the Centre for the Study of Global Governance at the London School of Economics and a a governing board member of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. He served as the United Nations and Arab League Special Envoy to Syria. He is a member of “The Elders”, a small group of Elder Statesmen and Public Figures created in 2007 at the initiative of President Nelson Mandela and Chaired by Archbishop Desmond Tutu. He is the former Algerian Foreign Minister, as well as Under Secretary General of the United Nations for Special Assignments in Support of the Secretary-General’s Preventive and Peacemaking Efforts. He spent two years at the Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, NJ, USA. Ambassador Brahimi has done extensive work in the field of conflict resolution, peace-making, peace-keeping and worked more generally on peace and security issues. In 1988/1990, he mediated the end of the Lebanon civil war. He also took an active part in the struggle for liberation of his country (and served as Algeria’s Ambassador to Egypt and the United Kingdom. He also was Under Secretary General of the League of Arab States. He chaired an independent panel established by Secretary-General Annan to review United Nations Peace Operations. The report was endorsed by the “Millennium Summit” held in September 2000 and became known as the “Brahimi Report”.
Amjad Bseisu founded Petrofac Resources International Limited in 1998, the operations and investment arm of Petrofac, where he was Chief Executive and a member of the board of Petrofac Limited. In April 2010, he formed EnQuest PLC and was appointed to the board. Amjad is also non-executive Chairman of Enviromena Power Systems, a private company and the leading developer of solar services in the Middle East and North Africa. From 1984 to 1998, he worked for the Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO), ultimately becoming the President of ARCO Petroleum Ventures and ARCO Crude Trading, Inc. Previously, he was a founding non-executive director of Serica Energy plc and Stratic Energy Corporation. He is a supporter of many charities and sits on a number of charity boards. The Amjad and Suha Bseisu Foundation has been focused on children’s education, sports, and women’s empowerment, principally in the Middle East region.
William J. Burns
Ambassador Bill Burns is President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He retired from the U.S. Foreign Service in 2014 after a 33-year diplomatic career. He holds the highest rank in the Foreign Service, career ambassador, and is only the second serving career diplomat in history to become Deputy Secretary of State. Prior to his tenure as deputy secretary, he served as Under Secretary for Political Affairs, as U.S. Ambassador to Russia, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern affairs, and Ambassador to Jordan. He was also Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs at the National Security Council. Ambassador Burns is the recipient of three Presidential Distinguished Service Awards and a number of Department of State awards, and four honorary doctoral degrees in International Relations. In 2013, Foreign Policy named him “Diplomat of the Year.”
Richard A. Debs
Richard A. Debs is an Advisory Director of Morgan Stanley and a member of its International Advisory Board. He joined Morgan Stanley in 1976 as the founding President of Morgan Stanley International to develop the investment bank’s international business. More recently, he was a member of the Group of Eight, former senior managers of Morgan Stanley who worked to bring about corporate governance improvements in the Firm. Before joining Morgan Stanley, he was the Chief Operating Officer of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, where he also served as an Alternate Member of the Federal Open Market Committee. He was the Fed’s principal contact with the OPEC countries with regard to petrodollar issues in the 70’s. During his transition from the Fed to Morgan Stanley, at the request of David Rockefeller, he served as a pro-bono financial advisor to President Sadat of Egypt. Through his consulting firm, R.A. Debs & Co., formed after he retired as president, he has been involved in variety of business and philanthropic activities.
James F. Dobbins
Ambassador James Dobbins is a Senior Fellow and Distinguished Chair in Diplomacy and Security at the RAND Corporation. He has held State Department and White House posts including Assistant Secretary of State for Europe, Special Assistant to the President, Special Advisor to the President and Secretary of State for the Balkans, and Ambassador to the European Community. He has served on numerous crisis management and diplomatic troubleshooting assignments, including Special Envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Kosovo, Bosnia, Haiti, and Somalia for the administrations of Barack Obama, George W. Bush, and Bill Clinton. In 2013 he returned to the State Department to serve as the Obama administration's Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan. He is the lead author of RAND's three volume History of Nation Building and Choices for America.
Graham Edwards has been CEO of Telereal Trillium since 2001, the landlord of and service provider to British Telecom Plc and the UK Department of Work and Pensions. He has numerous other business interests in the areas including real estate, mining, software, water, and engineering. He is a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, the Association of Corporate Treasurers, the UK Society of Investment Professionals, and is a Fellow of the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors, and is currently studying an MA in International Relations in the War Studies Department of King’s College London, focusing on the Middle East. He is an active philanthropist, and is currently on the boards or committees of: the Portland Trust, One Voice Europe, UK MDA, United Jewish Israel Appeal, British Friends of the Hebrew University, World Ort and Pennies.
Secretary Chuck Hagel is currently on the Board of Trustees of RAND, and a Distinguished Executive in Residence at Georgetown University, as well as a Distinguished Statesman at the Atlantic Council. He was the 24th Secretary of Defense. He is the only Vietnam veteran and the first enlisted combat veteran to serve in that position. He also served two terms in the United States Senate (1997-2009) representing the state of Nebraska. He previously was a Distinguished Professor at Georgetown University, Co-Chairman of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board, Chairman of the Atlantic Council, Chairman of the United States of America Vietnam War Commemoration Advisory Committee, and Co-Chairman of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund Corporate Council. He served on the Secretary of Energy’s Blue Ribbon Commission on the Future of Nuclear Power. He is the author of the book ‘America: Our Next Chapter’.
Efraim Halevy is currently the Chairman of the Israel National Center for Jewish History. He until recently served as head of the Center for Strategic and Policy Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He served as head of the National Security Council and National Security Advisor to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon on 2002-2003, as head of the Mossad on 1998-2002, as Israeli Ambassador to the European Union on 1996-1998. He was deputy Head of the Mossad on 1990-1995, and for for three five-year periods between 1980-1995, he commanded three divisions as division chief. He served in the Israel Embassy in Washington. D.C. (1970-1974) and in the Israel Embassy in Paris (1976-1979).
Lee H. Hamilton
Congressman Lee H. Hamilton is director of The Center on Congress at Indiana University. He is currently also a member of the President’s Homeland Security Advisory Council, the CIA External Advisory Board, and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Task Force on Preventing the Entry of Weapons of Mass Effect on American Soil. Before that, he served as President and Director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. He served as Chairman and ranking member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and as Chair of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. He was Co-chair of the Iraq Study Group, Vice-chair of the 9/11 Commission and Co-chair of the 9/11 Public Discourse Project to monitor implementation of the Commission’s recommendations.
Jerry is the founder and Chairman of The Lodestar Foundation, whose mission is to expand philanthropy through two strategies: to encourage philanthropy, public service and volunteerism; and to increase nonprofit impact by encouraging nonprofits to collaborate and employ other business practices. Beyond his work with Lodestar, he has pursued promoting peace and/or stability in the world: he is on the advisory board of the Global Leadership Foundation, created by former South African President FW De Klerk, has served as an advisor to John Mroz, founder and former president of the EastWest Institute, and is involved in leadership of several organizations promoting peace in the Middle East. Prior to his career in philanthropy, Jerry practiced law and was an entrepreneur in the computer/aerospace industry and commercial real estate development.
Sir Joseph is an international private investor and has been involved with many educational, cultural, governmental and charitable organizations in Hong Kong, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Sir Joseph established the Sir Joseph Hotung Programme for Law, Human Rights and Peace Building in the Middle East at SOAS, University of London. He has served on the governing bodies of SOAS, St. George’s Hospital and as a trustee of the British Museum. He funded the Joseph E Hotung Gallery (Asia) at the British Museum and serves as a trustee, life fellow and member of the Metropolitan Museum of New York City and of the Visitors Committee of the Freer Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. Sir Joseph was a director of HSBC Holdings plc, as well as director of several Hong Kong companies. In Hong Kong, he also served as a member of the Judicial Services Commission and the Inland Revenue Board of Review. He was a founding member of the Business School of the University of Hong Kong. Sir Joseph was also the first Chairman of the Arts Development Council in Hong Kong. Sir Joseph was knighted by H.M. Queen Elizabeth in 1993.
Rula Jebreal is an acclaimed writer and journalist. She produced and hosted a TV show in Egypt for Egyptian television in 2009. In 2005, she received the International Ischia Award for Best Journalist of the Year, Europe’s most prestigious broadcast journalism award. She has written three books, ‘Miral’, ‘La promise d’Aswan’, and ‘Divieto di Soggiorno’. In 2006, she co-presented Anno Zero, the most important and controversial political television show in Italy. In 2004, she started her own daily talk show for Italian television, Ominibus, and worked with several television stations in Italy hosting her own political talk shows, including Rai 1, Rai 2 and Rai News 24, and created a special for Channel 7 in Italy about the international moratorium against the death penalty. She got her first job as an on-air reporter in 2000, and she quickly became the first foreign anchorwoman broadcasting the 8pm news in the history of Italian television.
Peter A. Joseph
Peter A. Joseph is the Chairman of the Trenton Biogas LLC (TBL), a company that is developing the first commercial-scale food waste recycling facility in the New York metropolitan area. Based in Trenton, New Jersey, TBL will provide a cost-effective, sustainable approach to address the pervasive problem of managing organic waste streams. It will represent an integrated recycling solution that harnesses the latent energy potential contained in the millions of tons of organic waste discarded in landfills each year.
Samer Said Khoury was named Director & President of his father’s engineering and construction company – Consolidated Contractors Company (CCC) –, in 1997, after having worked in the firm for many years and in various departments. CCC is one of the largest Arab international construction companies operating throughout the Middle East, Africa, CIS, Europe and America. He is highly involved in business, social and educational activities in the Middle East and Europe. He is also a Board and Committee Member of several Associations, such as the Lebanese American University, Peace Works Foundation, Tufts University, Aspen Middle East Strategy Group, Education for Employment Foundation, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Daniel C. Kurtzer
Daniel C. Kurtzer is the S. Daniel Abraham Professor of Middle East Policy Studies at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and currently serves as a member of the Secretary of State’s Foreign Affairs Policy Board. During a 29-year career in the U.S. Foreign Service, Ambassador Kurtzer served as the United States Ambassador to Israel and as the United States Ambassador to Egypt. He also served as a speechwriter and member of the Secretary of State’s Policy Planning Staff; as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs; and as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Research. Kurtzer has also previously served as an advisor to the Iraq Study Group and is the co-author of Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: American Leadership in the Middle East (2008), co-author of The Peace Puzzle: America’s Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace, 1989-2011(2013), and editor of Pathways to Peace: America and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (2012).
Daniel Levy President
Daniel Levy is the President of the U.S. / Middle East Project. From 2012 to 2016, he was Director for the Middle East and North Africa at the European Council on Foreign Relations. Prior to that he was a senior Fellow and Director of the New America Foundation’s Middle East Taskforce in Washington DC and a Senior Fellow at The Century Foundation. Earlier he worked as an analyst for the International Crisis Group’s Middle East Programme.
Daniel Levy was a Senior Advisor in the Israeli Prime Minister’s Office and to Justice Minister Yossi Beilin during the Government of Ehud Barak (1999-2001). He was a member of the official Israeli delegation to the Israel/ Palestine peace talks at Taba under Barak and at Oslo B under Yitzhak Rabin (1994-95), as well as being lead drafter of the model peace agreement (“Geneva Initiative”).
Levy is a Trustee of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund in New York, a Council Member of the European Council on Foreign Relations and serves on the board of the European Middle East Project. He was a founder of J Street and was a founding Board member of Molad – the Center for the Renewal of Israeli Democracy.
Levy was a founding editor of the Middle East Channel at foreignpolicy.com and is a regular Middle East commentator on TV and radio, including with BBC, CNN, and Al Jazeera, and has been published in various outlets among them the NYT, FT and Guardian.
Contact email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Monica Maggioni is an Italian journalist, and is currently President of RAI—the Italian national public television. She is also Vice-President of EBU, the European Broadcasting Union. Ms. Maggioni is a former war correspondent, editor and editor-in-chief for the main news outlets in RAI. In 2003, she was the only Italian journalist embedded with the American ground forces in Iraq during the second Gulf War. Since then, she has traveled extensively in Iraq and covered all major developments, reporting from Baghdad and Mosul among other cities. In 2008, she relocated to the U.S. to cover the presidential campaign that led to the election of Barack Obama. She has served as both Editor for the Foreign News Team and Special Features Section, as well as Anchor for several programs at TG1.
Robert Malley Former Visiting Fellow
Robert Malley is currently President and Chief Executive Officer of the International Crisis Group. He previously served as Special Assistant to the President and White House Coordinator for the Middle East, North Africa, and the Gulf Region under President Barack Obama. He previously was Program Director for Middle East and North Africa at the International Crisis Group. From 1998-2001, Dr. Malley served as Special Assistant to President Bill Clinton for Arab-Israeli Affairs, playing a key role in the 2000 Camp David peace summit. Prior to that, he served on the President’s National Security Council staff as Executive Assistant to National Security Advisor Sandy Berger and Director for Democracy, Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs.
Samuel A. Nunn
Senator Sam Nunn is Co-Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a charitable organization working to reduce the global threats from nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. In addition, he has continued his service in the public policy arena as a distinguished professor in the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at Georgia Tech and as chairman of the board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC. He served as a United States Senator from Georgia for 24 years (1972-1996) and is retired from the law firm King & Spalding. He first entered politics as a Member of the Georgia House of Representatives in 1968. After active duty service in the U.S. Coast Guard, he served six years in the U.S. Coast Guard Reserve. During his tenure in the U.S. Senate, Senator Nunn served as Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. He also served on the Intelligence and Small Business Committees.
Ambassador Patterson was the Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern and North African Affairs at the Department of State (2013-2017). She served as Ambassador to Egypt (2011-2013), to Pakistan (2007-2010), to Colombia (2000-2003) and to El Salvador (1997-2000). She recently retired with the rank of Career Ambassador after more than four decades in the Foreign Service. Ambassador Patterson also served as Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs and Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, among other assignments. She is currently a senior fellow at the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs at Yale and a member of the Commission on National Defense Strategy.
Thomas R. Pickering Chairman
Thomas R. Pickering holds the rank of Career Ambassador, the highest in the U.S. Foreign Service. In a diplomatic career spanning five decades, he was U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador, Nigeria, and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Pickering also served on assignments in Zanzibar and Tanzania. From 1997 to 2001, he was U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. From 1989 to 1992, he was Ambassador and Representative to the United Nations in New York. He also served as Executive Secretary of the Department of State and Special Assistant to Secretaries William P. Rogers and Henry A. Kissinger from 1973 to 1974. Prior to that, he was briefly the President of the Eurasia Foundation. Following his retirement from government, he served as Senior Vice President for the Boeing Company, and is currently Vice Chairman at Hills & Company, which provides advice and counsel to a number of major US enterprises. In 1983 and in 1986, Pickering won the Distinguished Presidential Award and, in 1996, the Department of State’s highest award – the Distinguished Service Award. He is a member of the International Institute of Strategic Studies and the Council on Foreign Relations. In 1984, he was awarded an honorary doctor-in-laws degree from Bowdoin College, and has received similar honours from 12 other universities. Along with former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Michael Mullen, Ambassador Pickering led a State-Department-sponsored panel investigating the attack on the U.S. diplomatic mission in Benghazi.
George R. Salem
George R. Salem established the Law Offices of George R. Salem, PLLC in January 2005, and is a Strategic Advisor with DLA Piper. From 1990-2004, Mr. Salem was a partner at the law firm of Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld, LLP, and served as the Solicitor of Labor, the U.S. Department of Labor’s chief legal officer from 1985 to 1989. He played key roles in the Reagan-Bush ’84, Bush-Quayle ’88, and Bush-Cheney ’00 campaigns. In addition, he served as a member of the board of directors of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation and as chairman of the Tripartite Advisory Panel on International Labor Standards, the legal arm of the President’s Committee on the International Labor Organization. He co-founded the Arab American Institute in 1985 and currently serves as its chairman, and has served as treasurer of United Palestinian Appeal, Inc. since 1982. He is a past president of the National Association of Arab Americans and has served on the board of directors of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee. In 2003 he was named to the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy’s Advisory Group on Public Diplomacy in the Arab and Muslim World. In 1992, he received the Ellis Island Medal of Honor.
Brent Scowcroft Chairman Emeritus
Brent Scowcroft has served five presidents, and is the only person to have served two presidents – Henry Ford and George H. W. Bush– as National Security Advisor. It was Scowcroft who coined the term and laid the foundation for the “New World Order.” He currently serves on numerous corporate and non-profit boards. His prior 29-year military career began with graduation from West Point and concluded at the rank of Lieutenant General following service as the Deputy National Security Advisor. Out of uniform, he continued in a public policy capacity by serving on the President’s Advisory Committee on Arms Control, the Commission on Strategic Forces and the President’s Special Review Board, also known as the Tower Board. From 1982 to 1989, he was Vice Chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc., an international consulting firm. In this capacity, he advised and assisted a wide range of U.S. and foreign corporate leaders on global joint venture opportunities, strategic planning and risk assessment. He earned his Masters and Doctorate in International Relations from Columbia University.
Henry Siegman President Emeritus
Henry Siegman is a former research professor at the Sir Joseph Hotung Middle East Program of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He served as a Senior Fellow on the Middle East at the Council on Foreign Relations for fourteen years. Prior to 1993, he served as Executive Director of the American Jewish Congress for 16 years, and as general secretary of the American Association of Middle East Studies and editor of its quarterly Middle East Studies. He was a Resident Scholar at the Rockefeller Foundation Study Center in Bellagio, Italy. He also served as a commissioned officer in the US Army during the Korean War and was awarded the Bronze Star medal for service in Korea. In the more than 30 years of his involvement in the Middle East peace process, he has published extensively on the subject and has been consulted by governments, international agencies, and non-governmental organizations involved in the peace process. He has authored several hundred articles and op-ed pieces that have appeared in editorial pages in the United States and throughout the world. His areas of specialization include Arab-Israel relations, the Middle East peace process, U.S. Middle East policy, interreligious relations, and the American Jewish community.
Ramez F. Sousou
Ramez Sousou is Founder and co-CEO of TowerBrook Capital Partners. TowerBrook is focused on private investments in Europe and North America across a range of industries including healthcare, financial services, business services, consumer products, aerospace and automotive products. He was previously co-Head of Soros Private Equity and was a member of the Management Committee of Soros Fund Management.
Enzo Viscusi is currently the Senior Vice President of Eni Group, as well as the Chairman of Eni’s affiliates Eni Petroleum Company Inc. and Sonsub International Inc., and the Director of American Agip Co., Inc. He sits on the Board of several institutions: amongs others, Aspen Institute Italia - an institution whose founding he played a key role in -, Foreign Policy Association, Council of the US and Italy, Eurasia Group, Council on Foreign Relations, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and Brookings Institution.
James D. Wolfensohn
James D. Wolfensohn is Chairman of Wolfensohn & Company, LLC, a private investment firm and advisor to corporations and governments. He was the ninth president of the World Bank Group (beginning in 1995). At the end of his second term, he assumed the post of Special Envoy for Gaza Disengagement for the Quartet on the Middle East. He helped coordinate Israel’s planned withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and spearheaded reconstruction efforts as Palestinians assumed sovereignty over the area. He is also Chairman of the advisory group of the Wolfensohn Center at the Brookings Institution. He became Chairman of Citigroup International Advisory Board on April 18, 2006, and is also advisor to Citigroup’s senior management on global strategy and on international matters. Prior to joining the Bank, Mr. Wolfensohn was an international investment banker. He is an Honorary Trustee of the Brookings Institution, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Century Association in New York.